Cara Install Moodle di Ubuntu 18.04

Moodle adalah perangkat lunak open source berbasis web untuk e-learning atau membuat kelas belajar secara online. Moodle banyak diterapkan di sekolah dan perguruan tinggi termasuk di Indonesia.

Proyek Moodle dipimpin oleh Moodle HQ di mana secara finansial didukung oleh lebih dari 80 perusahaan mitra Moodle.

Fitur Moodle antara lain:

· Modern, easy to use interface · Personalised Dashboard · Collaborative tools and activities · All-in-one calendar · Convenient file management · Simple and intuitive text editor

Daftar fitur Moodle secara lengkap baca di sini.

*0.Perangkat Lunak yang digunakan*

Perangkat lunak yang digunakan di tutorial ini adalah:

· OS: Ubuntu 18.04 · Web server: Apache 2.4 · PHP Engine: PHP v7.2 · Database: MariaDB 10.1 · Moodle: Moodle v3.8 · Subomain: moodle.defnex.com · SSL: Let’s Encrypt

*1.Install Apache*

Update Ubuntu terlebih dahulu

[INPUT]

1 2 apt update apt upgrade -y

Install Apache web server

[INPUT]

1 2 apt install apache2 -y systemctl status apache2    

*2.Install PHP*

Install PHP

[INPUT]

1 apt install php php-common php-pspell php-curl php-gd php-intl php-mysql php-xml php-xmlrpc php-ldap php-zip php-soap php-mbstring libapache2-mod-php -y

*3.Install MariaDB*

Install MariaDB database

[INPUT]

1 2 3 apt install mariadb-server -y systemctl status mariadb mysql_secure_installation

Jawab pertanyaannya

[INPUT]

1 2 3 4 5 Set root password? [Y/n] y Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y    

Konfigurasi MariaDB

[INPUT]

1 vim /etc/mysql/mariadb.conf.d/50-server.cnf

Tambahkan konfigurasinya di bawah [mysqld] [INPUT]

1 2 3 4 default_storage_engine = innodb innodb_file_per_table = 1 innodb_file_format = Barracuda innodb_large_prefix = 1

MariaDB configuration

Restart MariaDB

[INPUT]

1 2 systemctl restart mariadb systemctl status mariadb    

Membuat database untuk Moodle

[INPUT]

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 mysql -u root -p   CREATE DATABASE moodle DEFAULT CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_unicode_ci;     CREATE USER ‘usrmoodle’@’localhost’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘secret’; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON moodle.* TO ‘usrmoodle’@’localhost’; FLUSH PRIVILEGES; exit

Create database

*4.Download Moodle*

Download Moodle v3.8

[INPUT]

1 2 wget https://download.moodle.org/download.php/direct/stable38/moodle-latest-38.tgz tar xzvf moodle-latest-38.tgz

Membuat folder untuk Moodle

[INPUT]

1 2 3 4 mkdir -p /var/www/moodle/data mv moodle /var/www/moodle/web chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/moodle chmod -R 755 /var/www/moodle    

Konfigurasi virtual host untuk moodle.defnex.com

[INPUT]

1 2 cd /etc/apache2/sites-available/ vim moodle.defnex.com.conf

Masukkan konfigurasi virtual host

[INPUT]

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11     ServerName moodle.defnex.com     DocumentRoot /var/www/moodle/web              Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews         AllowOverride All         Require all granted          ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/moodle.defnex.com_error.log     CustomLog /var/log/apache2/moodle.defnex.com_requests.log combined   

Aktifkan virtual host dan restart Apache

[INPUT]

1 2 3 a2ensite moodle.defnex.com.conf systemctl restart apache2   systemctl status apache2    

*5.Install SSL Let’s Encrypt*

Download certbot-auto

[INPUT]

1 2 3 4 cd curl -O https://dl.eff.org/certbot-auto mv certbot-auto /usr/local/bin/certbot-auto chmod 0755 /usr/local/bin/certbot-auto

Request SSL untuk subdomain moodle.defnex.com

[INPUT]

1 certbot-auto –apache -d moodle.defnex.com

Install packages, Do you want to continue? [Y/n], jawab y

[INPUT]

1 2 3 Need to get 66.4 MB of archives. After this operation, 194 MB of additional disk space will be used. Do you want to continue? [Y/n] y    

Masukkan alamat email

[INPUT]

1 Enter email address (used for urgent renewal and security notices) (Enter ‘c’ to cancel): hai@musaamin.web.id          

Setujui ToS

[INPUT]

1 2 3 Please read the Terms of Service at https://letsencrypt.org/documents/ LE-SA-v1.2-November-15-2017.pdf. You must agree in order to register with the ACME server at https://acme-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – (A)gree/(C)ancel: A

Persetujuan untuk dikirimi informasi mengenai Let”€™s Encrypt, bisa jawab Y atau N.

[INPUT]

1 2 3 Would you be willing to share your email address with the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a founding partner of the Let’s Encrypt project and the non-profit organization that develops Certbot? We’d like to send you email about our work encrypting the web, EFF news, campaigns, and ways to support digital freedom. – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – (Y)es/(N)o: N

Sertifikat SSL dibuat, mengubah dan menambahkan konfigurasi virtual host untuk SSL.

[INPUT]

1 2 3 Obtaining a new certificate Performing the following challenges: http-01 challenge for moodle.defnex.com

Kemudian pilih 2 untuk redirect HTTP ke HTTPS.

[INPUT]

1 2 3 4 5 6 Please choose whether or not to redirect HTTP traffic to HTTPS, removing HTTP access. – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1: No redirect – Make no further changes to the webserver configuration. 2: Redirect – Make all requests redirect to secure HTTPS access. Choose this for new sites, or if you’re confident your site works on HTTPS. You can undo this change by editing your web server’s configuration. – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Select the appropriate number [1-2] then [enter] (press ‘c’ to cancel): 2  

Install SSL untuk moodle.defnex.com selesai

[INPUT]

1 Congratulations! You have successfully enabled https://moodle.defnex.com    

Sertifikat SSL hanya berlaku selama 90 hari, renew untuk memperbarui sertifikat SSL

[INPUT]

1 cerbot-auto renew  

*6.Install Moodle*

Browse https://moodle.defnex.com

Pemilihan bahasa, Next

Choose a language

Data directory isi dengan /var/www/moodle/data

Confirm paths

Database driver, Type pilih MariaDB (native/mariadb)

Choose database driver

Masukkan nama database, user database, dan password database

Database settings

Konfirmasi lisensi, Continue

Confirm license

Pemeriksaan server apakah server sudah siap untuk install Moodle

Server checks

Installation berjalan

Installation

Membuat akun administrator

Administrator account

Masukkan Full site name, Short name for site dan Front page summary

Front page settings

Jika berhasil, langsung masuk ke dashboard administrator

Moodle dashboard

Selamat mencoba 🙂

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