Cara Install WordPress dengan Nginx dan PHP 7.4 di CentOS 7

Tutorial kali ini membahas tentang bagaimana cara install WordPress dengan Nginx web server dipasangkan dengan PHP v7.4 dan MariaDB database atau lebih populer disingkat menjadi LEMP (Linux Nginx MySQL/MariaDB PHP).

*0.Update System*

Update CentOS dan install EPEL repository.

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1 2 yum update -y yum install epel-release -y

*1.Install Nginx*

Install Nginx.

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1 yum install nginx -y

Aktifkan dan jalankan Nginx service.

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1 2 3 systemctl enable nginx systemctl start nginx systemctl status nginx

Nginx service status

*2.Install PHP 7.4*

Install yum-utils dan REMI repository.

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1 2 yum install yum-utils -y yum install http://rpms.remirepo.net/enterprise/remi-release-7.rpm -y

Verifikasi hasil install REMI repository, lihat isi direktori yum.repos.d.

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1 ls -l /etc/yum.repos.d

yum.repos.d directory

Aktifkan REMI PHP7.4 repository.

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1 yum-config-manager –enable remi-php74

Install PHP 7.4 beserta extension yang dibutuhkan.

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1 yum install php74-php php74-php-fpm php74-php-gd php74-php-json php74-php-mbstring php74-php-mysqlnd php74-php-xml php74-php-xmlrpc php74-php-opcache -y

Buat symbolic link php ke php74 dan cek PHP yang telah terinstall.

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1 2 ln -s /usr/bin/php74 /usr/bin/php php -v

Command php -v

Konfigurasi PHP-FPM.

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1 vi /etc/opt/remi/php74/php-fpm.d/www.conf

Ubah opsi seperti di bawah ini.

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 … user = nginx … group = nginx … listen = /run/php74-fpm.sock … listen.owner = nginx listen.group = nginx listen.mode = 0660

Jalankan PHP-FPM service.

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1 2 3 systemctl enable php74-php-fpm systemctl start php74-php-fpm systemctl status php74-php-fpm

PHP-FPM service status

*3.Membuat Nginx Server Block*

Membuat file konfigurasi server block, ganti DOMAIN.COM dengan nama domain yang anda gunakan.

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1 vi /etc/nginx/conf.d/DOMAIN.COM.conf

Script konfigurasi server block.

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 server {     listen 80;     server_name DOMAIN.COM www.DOMAIN.COM;     root /var/www/DOMAIN.COM;     index index.php index.html index.htm;       location / {         try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;     }       location ~ \.php$ {         try_files $fastcgi_script_name =404;         include fastcgi_params;         fastcgi_pass                   unix:/run/php74-fpm.sock;         fastcgi_index                  index.php;         fastcgi_param DOCUMENT_ROOT    $realpath_root;         fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME  $realpath_root$fastcgi_script_name;     }       access_log /var/log/nginx/DOMAIN.COM.access.log;     error_log /var/log/nginx/DOMAIN.COM.error.log; }

Membuat root directory dan file info.php.

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1 2 mkdir /var/www/DOMAIN.COM echo “” > /var/www/DOMAIN.COM/info.php

Uji konfigurasi dan restart Nginx service.

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1 2 3 nginx -t systemctl restart nginx systemctl status nginx

Uji apakah Nginx sudah bisa menjalankan script PHP dengan mengakses info.php.

Browse *http://DOMAIN.COM/info.php*.

PHP Information

*4.Install MariaDB*

Membuat file MariaDB repository versi 10.4.

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1 vi /etc/yum.repos.d/mariadb.repo

Script mariadb.repo.

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 # MariaDB 10.4 CentOS repository list – created 2020-06-22 11:29 UTC # http://downloads.mariadb.org/mariadb/repositories/ [mariadb] name = MariaDB baseurl = http://yum.mariadb.org/10.4/centos7-amd64 gpgkey=https://yum.mariadb.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-MariaDB gpgcheck=1

Install MariaDB.

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1 yum install MariaDB-server MariaDB-client -y

Aktifkan dan jalankan MariaDB service.

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1 2 3 systemctl enable mariadb systemctl start mariadb systemctl status mariadb

MariaDB service status

Amanakan instalasi MariaDB.

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1 mysql_secure_installation

Jawab pertanyaan yang ditampilkan.

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Enter current password for root (enter for none): ENTER Switch to unix_socket authentication [Y/n] y Change the root password? [Y/n] y Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y

Login ke MariaDB.

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1 mysql -u root -p

Membuat database, user, dan password, serta memberikan hak akses database ke user.

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1 2 3 4 create database NAMADB; create user ‘USERDB’@’localhost’ identified by ‘PASSDB’; grant all privileges on NAMADB.* to ‘USERDB’@’localhost’; flush privileges;

*5.Install WordPress*

Download WordPress terbaru.

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1 curl -O https://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz

Extract latest.tar.gz.

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1 tar xzvf latest.tar.gz

Copy isi direktori wordpress ke root directory.

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1 cp -Rv wordpress/* /var/www/DOMAIN.COM

Ubah owner dan permission root directory.

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1 2 chown -R nginx:nginx /var/www/DOMAIN.COM chmod -R 755 /var/www/DOMAIN.COM

Browse *http://DOMAIN.COM*.

1. Pemilihan bahasa, pakai *English (United States)*. Lalu *Continue*.

Choose Language

3. *Let’s go!*

Database information

5. Masukkan NAMADB, USERDB, dan PASSDB. *Submit*. 6. Copy teks konfigurasi yang ditampilkan.

Script wp-config.php

8. Buat file *wp-config.php* lalu paste teks yang telah dicopy.

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1 vi /var/www/DOMAIN.COM/wp-config.php

9. *Run the installation*. 10. Masukkan *Site Title*, *Username*, *Password*, *Your Email*. *Install WordPress*.

Website information

12. WordPress telah selesai diinstall. 13. Klik *Log In* untuk login ke dashboard.

WordPress installed

*6.Selesai*

Halaman depan *http://DOMAIN.COM*.

WordPress site

Halaman dashboard *http://DOMAIN.COM/wp-admin*.

WordPress dashboard

Selamat mencoba 🙂

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